The Sultans Palace or Dolmabahce Palace in Istanbul Dolmabahçe Sarayı is one of the most famous palaces and museums in Turkey and the world and was built in 1965 AD and was the center of the rulers and sultans of the Ottoman Empire until 1922 AD,
It is located in the Beşiktaş region, on the European coast of the Bosphorus Strait.
This palace was designed in an unprecedented style of extravagance and generosity, as the Ottoman engineers smelted the best architecture that was widespread in France, Germany and Italy at the time to build this great palace.
This palace was the main center of the Ottoman Empire, as it moved in 1856 from the Top Kapi Palace to a magnificent globalization palace that lasted until 1922.
* Except for the period between (1887-1909), as the main center of government during this period was Yıldız Palace.
This huge and majestic historic palace was designed and built specifically for Sultan Abdul Majeed I by the most famous Armenian and Ottoman architects, and it took almost 13 years to build at a cost of 5 million gold pieces. The palace contains three sections, Selamlik Peace Department and the General Department to receive guests and expatriates in addition to a section Haremlik harem dedicated to the family and wives of the Sultan.
The Dolma Bahça Palace or Dolma Pasha contains 285 rooms, 43 salons and 6 Turkish baths, some of which were dedicated to the family and to the Sultan's harem. 14 tons of pure gold and 60 tons of silver were used to decorate the palace, and also contains the largest piece of crystal chandeliers in the world weighing up to Almost 4.5 tons.
Some important sections of Dolma Bahçe Palace in Istanbul:
Clock tower - Selamlik department - Haremlik section of Sultan Haremlik harem - main building and reception hall - Dolma Bahceseh Mosque - Sultan's mother room - and many important internal and external sections such as Sultan Abdul Majid's library, Ataturk room, the glass palace, gardens, and the gate overlooking the Bosphorus.
The engineers blended the Rococo style, which relies primarily on aristocracy in sculpture and painting, and the Baroque style characterized by curved shapes and the elaborate and sophisticated use of columns and ornate paintings for ornamental as well as neo-classicism inspired by Greek art.
The palace of globalization was a delight for the home of six sultans. After the abolition of the Ottoman caliphate, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey, used the palace as the headquarters for the presidency during the summer. Some of his most important works were held here.
He also died in it, where he preferred to spend the last days of his medical treatment in a room designated for him and is now considered part of the museum, and it is worth noting that he died at 9:05 so the hour of his room was stopped at this time as evidence of grief and sorrow for his death